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From flying saucers to aerial phenomena

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 26 oct 2018, 12:07 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 6 oct 2020, 7:30 ]
“Flying saucer” and “UFO” are words commonly used to refer to what at CEFAA we understand as aerial phenomena. On many occasions, they lead to mental representations that have little to do with what one seeks to describe with them. For this reason, they can not only confuse, but also have the ability to transform themselves into elements on which more complex reasoning is based. This document seeks to explain their meaning and briefly relate their origin.

Kenneth Arnold.

Edward Ruppelt.

Richard F. Haines.
The concept of flying saucer

Flying saucer is a concept coined by American journalist Bill Bequette when he interpreted an observation made by American civilian pilot Kenneth Arnold, who was collaborating in the search for a missing navy plane with more than 20 men, on June 24, 1947. 

Past two in the afternoon, Arnold, who was piloting a single-engine Call Air-2, low-wing, two-seater aircraft near Mount Rainier, in Washington State, in good weather and a cloudless sky, suddenly noticed strange reflections in the cockpit. When he looked east towards Mount Rainier, he saw the flight of nine objects that were moving in a Southeastern direction. 

At first he thought they were very fast Air Force (USAF) planes. However, when he started looking for the wings or rudders of the objects, he couldn’t find them. 

He told of his sighting to the press and described the objects’ movement as “saucers skipping over water”. Then, reporter Bill Bequette wrote about Arnold’s sighting as “flying saucers”. Later on, Arnold pointed out that the objects he observed were more like crescent shaped.

The flying saucer concept was widely used by the media until the late 1960s. 

What is a UFO?

Unidentified Flying Object (UFO). The concept began to be used by American researchers between 1952 and 1953. It was born from the studies and research carried out by the officer of the Air Force (USAF) Edward Ruppelt during his tenure in the so-called “Project Blue Book”. 

The bibliography on the subject points to him as the author of the term “Unidentified Flying Object” (UFO).

For a couple of years, Captain Ruppelt headed one of the most complete studies of sighting reports in the United States, “Blue Book”, that began in 1947 and ended in 1969, and which managed to collect 12,618 reports. 

What is a UAP? 

Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) is a term coined by Richard F. Haines in 1980 and it’s understood as a visual stimulus (*) caused by an object or light that moves in the air space, which does not correspond to any conventional aircraft and that after being investigated remains something completely unknown.

Haines was born in Washington, United States, graduating from high school in 1960. He obtained a Masters degree and a Doctorate from Michigan State University in the field of Experimental Psychology. 

He worked at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California, from 1967 to 1986 as a scientist on numerous projects for the Gemini, Apollo, Skylab and Space Station space missions. 

He has more than 20 years of experience in the research of anomalous aerial phenomena, especially in sightings reported by pilots, analysis of photographic evidence and information.