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Successful launch of private ship with four astronauts to the International Space Station

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 18 nov 2020 5:06 por Plataforma Sites Dgac
At 1:02 a.m. (Chile time) on Tuesday, November 17, 2020, the successful docking of the Resilience capsule with the International Space Station was confirmed, a critical phase of the Crew-1 mission, a joint effort between NASA and billionaire tycoon Elon Musk’s SpaceX aerospace company, in a new and important step in his plans to colonize the Moon and Mars.
These are the four astronauts who flew to the International Space Station on SpaceX's Resilience capsule (from left to right): Soichi Noguchi, from the Japanese space agency JAXA, and Michael Hopkins, Shannon Walker and Victor Glover (NASA).

SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket taking off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The rocket carried the Resilience capsule with the four astronauts.
On Sunday, November 15, 2020, a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket took off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying the capsule Crew Dragon christened Resilience and manned by US astronaut Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, and Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Soichi Noguchi.

After a 27 and a half hour flight, the capsule successfully docked with the International Space Station, which orbits some 400 kilometers above the Earth's surface, where the four astronauts were received by their NASA colleague Kate Rubins, by the ISS commander Sergey Ryzhikov and cosmonaut Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, both from the Russian space agency Roscosmos.
 
They and Kate Rubins had been on the International Space Station since October 14. Hopkins, Glover, Walker and Noguchi will remain on the ISS for six months.
 
"NASA is delivering on its commitment to the American people and our international partners to provide safe, reliable, and cost-effective missions to the International Space Station using American private industry," said NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine.
 
It's not a game
 
What at first glance seems to be another mission to space actually is much more than that. Technology can fail, men can make mistakes and on these flights that seem to be almost common now, a tiny detail makes the difference between life and death, failure and success.
 
The complexity of the systems, the programs and the resistance of the materials and components, among other elements, are of such magnitude that it is imperative to recognize that even these types of missions are experimental.
 
To launch into space and place into orbit four human beings within a protected environment and transport them to low orbit -as the International Space Station’s- is an enterprise that challenges the limits of human intelligence and the efficiency of technology.

The four North American astronauts arrived safely at the International Space Station. However, the European mission with its Vega rocket, launched on Monday, failed when it reached orbit after eight minutes of flight, losing satellites from Spain and France.
 
That is a reminder of the challenge and the risks faced by those who fly in those ships and those on the ground, who suffer the responsibility of every takeoff and mission to space, beset by ulcers that threaten their health and consciences that throb the risks. 
 
The Moon, Mars and beyond
 
NASA and SpaceX’s Crew-1 mission is considered a milestone and the beginning of a new era of manned missions to the International Space Station, because it is the first of at the least six joint missions of those two companies under a contract for 2,600 million dollars signed in 2014.
 
In May, 2020, the joint Demo-2 mission took off from Cape Canaveral, in which two American astronauts, Doug Hurley and Bob Behnke, made the first manned flight aboard a Crew Dragon capsule to the ISS. It was the first time in nearly 10 years that a manned rocket took off into space from American soil and that ended NASA’s dependence on the Russian Soyuz capsules, as it relied on them for years after its closure of the space shuttle program in July, 2011.
 
Days before the most recent launch, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine explained that the ultimate goal of this type of mission is “to take the resources that the taxpayers give us and we want to do things for which there is not yet a commercial marketplace”, such as going to Mars and the Moon under the Artemis program, in which NASA seeks to send the first woman and next man to walk on the Moon in 2024, and then establish a sustained human presence there by the end of the decade.

Shortly after the Resilience capsule was put into orbit, Elon Musk -who on November 13 reported on Twitter that from four Covid-19 tests that he took, two came positive- posted on that social network a heart emoji.
 
The Moon in 2022, Mars in 2024
 
Previously, Musk has expressed on several occasions his desire to establish permanent bases on the Moon, to colonize the planet Mars and to go even further.
 
On October 16, 2020, at the International Mars Society Convention, Musk said he intends to launch one of his Starship rockets in an unmanned mission to Mars in four years and send the same rocket to the moon in 2022.
 
Musk believes that Humanity needs to establish a permanent and self-sufficient presence on Mars to ensure "the continuation of consciousness as we know it", in case the Earth becomes uninhabitable due to some catastrophe, such as a nuclear war to the impact of an asteroid.
 
Following the successful liftoff of the Crew-1 mission , NASA and SpaceX were congratulated from all over the world by figures like former Apollo XI astronaut Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and US President-elect Joe Biden.
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