International cases

The Calvine Incident: 50 more years of embargo for UFO pictures

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 12 ene 2021 8:57 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 12 ene 2021 8:58 ]

The UK Government refused to release to the public a series of six photographs of an unidentified flying object obtained during what is known as “The Calvine Incident” and, in a controversial decision, ordered that those images be kept in custody by 50 more years.
A graphic reconstruction of one of the Calvine Incident's pictures.

Nick Pope at the present.
In August, 1990, two men from Perthshire were hiking in the highlands of Scotland near the village of Calvine when, to their great surprise, they saw a peculiar UFO flying over the area and two fighter planes nearby that would have made overflights at low altitude.
Although perhaps a story of this kind is not unique, what makes this case special is that the witnesses, who had a photo camera, took six color photographs of the strange object and in broad daylight.
The sighting would have lasted about 10 minutes, during which the object remained silent and motionless, then moved vertically at high speed and disappeared into the sky.
Photos seized
The shocked witnesses sent the photos to a Scottish newspaper and a journalist contacted the press office of the UK Ministry of Defense seeking comments.
Somehow, the Ministry of Defense managed to get all the photos and negatives in the newspaper's possession, which never recovered them.

“In the cult sci-fi series The X-Files, Fox Mulder has a poster of a UFO on the wall of his basement office. Underneath are the words ‘I want to believe’. In the Ministry of Defence office, which served as the nerve centre of the UK’s UFO project, we had something very similar. But our picture was real”, Nick Pope says regarding one of the Calvine images.
Nick Pope is a well-known figure in the world of ufology and the media often present him as the “real life Fox Mulder” because between 1991 and 1994 he worked in the office of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defense in charge of the investigation of anomalous aerial phenomena.
According to Pope, during his work as an official investigator of anomalous aerial phenomena he saw the original Calvine photographs and had access to the conclusions drawn from a detailed study. For this reason, he does not hesitate to qualify the material as “the best photographs ever taken of a UFO”.
Images analyses
“The MoD’s technical wizards leapt into action. The images were enlarged and analyzed, using the full resources and capabilities of intelligence community specialists”, wrote Nick Pope in the Scottish edition of The Sun newspaper.
Although Pope can’t discuss the details of the process, as much of the information is still top secret, he said that the analysis was sensational and concluded that the photographs were not faked.
The shots showed an artifact of unknown origin with a structure, different from any conventional aircraft. It was diamond-shaped and had no fuselage, wings, tail, turbines, or markings of any kind. The analysis showed that it was not of Russian or American origin, so it remained unexplained.
Official files released by the British Government on the Calvine incident, along with dozens of other UFO incidents, do not include the photographs and the names of witnesses were suppressed, so investigators have not been able to access them, either.
A few years ago, while collaborating with a television show, Nick Pope worked with a graphic artist in Los Angeles and they reconstructed one of the photographs, mainly guided by what Pope remembered. According to him, the result is similar, but does not correspond to the real images.
A long wait
According to UK regulations, the photos had to be kept in reserve for 30 years. That meant they should be available for public scrutiny from January 1, 2021. However, the Defense Ministry, without explanation, blocked the release of the graphic documents for a further 50 years, until 2072.

A complaint lodged under the Freedom of Information Act about the National Archives withholding the documents is now under investigation by the UK information watchdog, the Information Commissioner’s Office.

Consulted by the Scottish edition of The Sun newspaper, the National Archives refused to comment further. The MOD refused to comment at all.
Source: The Scottish Sun (

Luis Elizondo, a man of Intelligence

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 4 nov 2020 8:45 por Plataforma Sites Dgac

In December, 2017, the international community was surprised by the leak of US Navy videos showing footage of unidentified aerial phenomena during fighter exercises.
Luis Elizondo, the controversial director of global security and special programs at To the Stars Academy of Arts and Science and former Counterintelligence officer at the US Pentagon.
Back then, it was rumored that the entity behind the leak of that material was To the Stars Academy of Arts and Science (TTSA), a controversial company headed by former lead singer of rock group Blink-182, Tom DeLonge, and composed of scientists and former Government officials.

Since that time, Luis Elizondo, a former US Government Intelligence officer and current director of global security and special programs at TTSA, has gained notoriety. Between 2017 and 2020, Elizondo has appeared on television shows on UFOs on TV channels such as The History Channel and has been in a few UFO events.

While still working for the US Government, Elizondo would also have been part of the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (AATIP), a secret Pentagon project whose existence was revealed only a few months ago and in which Bigelow Aerospace, the space company of billionaire Robert Bigelow, would also have played a leading role as a contractor.

CEFAA contacted Elizondo and asked him some questions about his work and involvement in the research of anomalous aerial phenomena. After several months and insistence on our part, Elizondo finally answered our questions.

A counterintelligence expert

Some of his responses are evasive and intriguing, and we reproduce that exchange in full below:

-When and how did you get involved in UAP research? Did the UFO problem interest you as a young man, or did your interest arise later in life, during your time working for the US Government?

I was never a UAP researcher. I am an investigator by trade and I was asked to be part of the AATIP program in 2008 and I accepted the responsibility. My job for AATIP initially involved providing counterintelligence and security expertise. As a young man, I had no specific interests in UAPs. It was my exposure to the reality of the phenomenon that drives me today. 

-You have been in the spotlight in the last few years because of your previous involvement in a secret Pentagon UAP research and now as a member of TTSA and public figure appearing on TV shows. According to news articles, the Pentagon UAP program ended years ago. Do you think (or do you KNOW) that the US Government is still researching UAPs?

The US Government is in fact still involved with UAP research. The AATIP program is now becoming public knowledge resulting from the recent congressional interest.


-Do you have a personal belief regarding the UAP phenomena, such as having an origin in outer space or being, for example, human covert operations disguised as so called aliens?

I prefer to not pontificate about my personal beliefs. I don't think that the UAP phenomenon is about “beliefs”; it’s about “facts”. 

- Is there anything you can tell us about A.D.A.M. Project? Is there anything you've discovered analyzing materials that allegedly came from UFOs? How do you guys know when materials really came from unconventional flying objects and are not a hoax? How hard is it to find authentic materials from true unconventional flying objects?

The A.D.A.M. project is a culmination of efforts by the team at TTSA and others to obtain, analyze, assess, and research material that is of unknown origin. Specifically, to determine if these materials possess unique properties that may help better our understanding of physics, technology, and possibly Humankind.


- Does TTSA have any relationship with Mr. Robert Bigelow? He's well known for having funded past UAP research and his aerospace company was also involved with the Pentagon program, so I wondered if he's currently involved with TTSA.

Bigelow is a pioneer and many within TTSA know Mr. Bigelow both personally and professionally; however, to completely answer this question, Mr. Bigelow would need to provide you a statement.

- Does TTSA have any relationship with Dr. Jacques Vallée? He's arguably the greatest UFO researcher in the world and in his memoirs he talks about his past working relationship with people currently involved with TTSA, such as Dr. Hal Puthoff.

Please see response above. Dr. Jacques Vallée would need to provide a statement.


- Do you have any inside or non-public information regarding the Roswell UFO Incident or any personal thoughts or ideas about that might have really happened there in 1947?

I am unable to answer at this time.

- Have you had, as TTSA or on a personal basis, any contact with Chilean ufologists or the chance to study any Chilean UAP cases?

Our friends in Latin America are numerous, as are the number of credible sightings. TTSA is about "partnerships", including those that are international. As stated before, TTSA believes this phenomena is truly global, and as such, global partnerships seem prudent.

Anomalous aerial phenomena deserve to be studied by science

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 4 nov 2020 8:31 por Plataforma Sites Dgac

For approximately three years, anomalous aerial phenomena, more commonly known as UFOs, have once again attracted the attention of the general public and the mainstream media due to leaks of footage from the US Navy in 2017 that this year were confirmed as real by the Pentagon.
Ravi Kopparapu, a NASA planetary scientist and co-author of the article published by Scientific American.

Picture of one of the UAP captured in video by the US Navy that was leaked to the public in 2017.

Jacob Haqq-Misra, an astrobiologist and researcher at the 
Blue Marble Space Institute of Science and co-author of the article published by Scientific American.
While media such as The New York Times continue to publish articles on the subject with some regularity and anticipate possible new disclosures by the US authorities, at the end of July, 2020, Scientific American magazine published an article signed by NASA planetary scientist Ravi Kopparapu and by the astrobiologist and researcher of the Blue Marble Space Institute of Science Jacob Haqq-Misra, in which they argue that anomalous aerial phenomena deserve a scientific investigation.
Multidisciplinary teams

In the article, the authors recall that in the 1960s there was already an interest in researching the subject of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) in a scientific way and for that the United States Air Force hired the University of Colorado to conduct the study.

The UFO research project at the University of Colorado was led by the renowned physicist Edward Uhler Condon and operated between 1966 and 1968, studying cases and gathering information.

At the end of the investigation, the “Condon Committee” issued what is now known as the “Condon Report”, in which it concluded that further study of UFOs was unlikely to be interesting from a scientific point of view.

The “Condon Report” provoked great controversy in the late 1960s and is still debated today, as members of the committee denounced irregularities in the way the group operated and claimed that Condon had a negative bias towards the subject from the beginning. David Saunders, a psychologist and one of the main researchers of the group, published about it in a book-exposé entitled UFOs? Yes!

Following the publication of the “Condon Report”, the United States ended its official investigation into the UFO phenomenon, the well-known “Project Blue Book”, on December 17, 1969. Since then, it was assumed that the world power no longer investigated the anomalous aerial phenomena officially, but following leaks in 2017 it was known that there was a secret research program on “Unidentified aerial phenomena” at the Pentagon between 2007 and 2012.

With the renewed interest aroused by the recent revelations, the authors of the article published by Scientific American argue that UFOs not only deserve to be studied by science, but that for such study it is necessary to form multidisciplinary teams, in which experts in various subjects can collaborate, exchange information, points of view and complement skills.
Scientific curiosity

In the text, the authors indicate that the recent disclosures of videos and information on sightings of anomalous aerial phenomena have not generated an interest among the scientific community similar to that which they have aroused among the public and the media.

“Part of the reason could be the apparent taboo around the UAP phenomena, connecting it o the paranormal or pseudoscience, while ignoring the history behind it”, they argue.

“Why should astronomers, meteorologists, or planetary scientists care about these events? ... Because we are scientists. Curiosity is the reason why we became scientists”, they add, justifying an approach to the subject by scientists.
Furthermore, the authors emphasize that anomalous aerial phenomena are not unique to the United States, but are “a worldwide occurrence”.
“Several other countries studied them. So shouldn’t we as scientists choose to investigate and curb the speculation around them?”, they propose, and argue that systematic research is essential to make the phenomenon of interest to mainstream science.

“Perhaps some, or even most, UAP events are simply classified military aircraft, or strange weather formations, or other misidentified mundane phenomena. However, there are still a number of truly puzzling cases that might be worth investigating”, they warn.
“We do not know what UAP are, and this is precisely the reason that we as scientists should study them”, they conclude.

Strange experiences at the Berkshires

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 29 jul 2020 5:24 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 4 nov 2020 8:22 ]

In early July, 2020, Netflix, the movies and TV shows streaming platform, premiered the documentary series Unsolved Mysteries, which is a kind of revival of the same series that intrigued the audiences for 14 seasons since its first airing in January, 1987.
Tommy Warner, interviewed by Unsolved Mysteries in 2019.

Melanie Kirchdorfer, interviewed by Unsolved Mysteries in 2019.

Thomas Reed, interviewed by Unsolved Mysteries in 2019.
And thanks to this new season, the public was able to learn about a relatively unknown case of multiple sightings of an anomalous aerial phenomenon that would have occurred several decades ago.

The strange incident took place on September 1, 1969, in a semi-rural area known as the “Berkshires”, in the county of the same name in the state of Massachusetts, in the United States of America, which would have been witnessed by around 40 people distributed in the towns of Great Barrington, Sheffield, Strockbridge and Egremont. 

The night of lights

The stories reveal that on the hot night of September 1, 1969, the boy Tommy Warner was at the house of his neighbors, the Shaws, painting with crayons with Debbie Shaw, who was four years older than him.

It was getting late when Tommy got up and went to a window in the Shaws’ living room, when he heard a voice that said to him “You need to go home now”. Without knowing where that voice came from, the boy was very scared and ran out of his neighbors’ house to go home.

Jane Shaw, Debbie’s sister, saw Tommy outside running on the same point, making the movement, but without advancing, for five minutes, and when remembering the episode as an adult, Warner said that he was running, but he wouldn’t move.

At one point, he turned left and he would have seen a UFO in front of him “fall from the sky” and launch a bolt of lightning to him, causing him to stiffen for a moment, then disappear, all of it witnessed by Jane Shaw.

Seven minutes later, Tommy Warner was found lying on his back on the other side of the property. His brother yelled at him to get up and run, but the boy said that he could not move because he believed that the beam of light that was on him prevented it.

Then, he heard a voice in his head that said “I’ll be done in a minute”, and after that interval the light disappeared and he was able to move again, only to sit up and see how the UFO disappeared moving through the sky.

Unknown captors

Three kilometers from there, in nearby Mansfield Lake, 14-year-old Melanie Kirchdorfer said she arrived to the lake’s parking lot in the family car with her father, mother and sister to eat some ice cream they had just bought.

“My father backed into the parking lot and this brilliant, bright aura came around”, the woman recalled as she shared her testimony with Unsolved Mysteries.

Surprised, Melanie's father decided to chase the luminous thing in the vehicle, despite the opposition of his wife and daughters. The mother tried to calm the girls by saying that it was a shooting star, but they believed that it was not that.

Melanie’s sister does not remember beyond that point, but Melanie Kirchdorfer said she remembered “levitating” and “being on a ship”, in which she was lying and where there were “young people”, like children, that later “just disappeared one by one”.

Tommy Warner, whom Jane Shaw said she saw disappearing after being struck by lightning from the UFO, assures that he remembers seeing Melanie Kirchdorfer inside some strange place to which he had been transported, because he “remembers her eyes”, but the woman stated that she has no memories of seeing him there.

After that strange episode, Melanie said she regained consciousness when she was all alone at the lake, so she had to walk home.

The Reed experience

After 9:00 pm, 9-year-old Thomas Reed returned home in the family car with his mother Nancy, his grandmother and his younger brother Matthew. The Reeds’ mother steered the car toward Sheffield Bridge, about six miles south of the town of Great Barrington.

As they exited the bridge, which was covered, Reed said they saw a light to the left that appeared to rise from the banks of the Housatonic River. His mother, Nancy, described it as a “light ball” hovering in the air about “two stories high” and glowing.

Then the UFO rose, according to Thomas Reed, and it would have fired “rods of light” to the ground. As everyone watched what was happening, Matthew Reed turned to the right and saw what he later said was some kind of orange orb that appeared to roll.

The car was moving forward and the occupants said they felt the environment very “close”, as if there was a change in pressure, and all in total silence.

The Reeds’ mother stopped the car on the side of the road and then its occupants would have seen, floating, a disk-shaped object. Nancy Reed described it as a turtle shell and Thomas Reed said it was at least 90 yards long.

While observing the strange object through the open windows of the car and with a temperature of around 30 degrees Celsius, the entire interior of the vehicle lit up as if it were daytime. 

Suddenly, absolute silence gave way to the sudden noise of crickets and frogs, and that’s the last thing both Nancy and Thomas Reed remember. According to the latter, the rest of his memories are fragmented. He remembers about 15 minutes of the entire episode, when in reality about three hours had passed.

His mother and the other members of the family also do not remember what happened in that period. The next memory of Nancy Reed is being in the car in front of a drugstore located a little further South, with the Reeds’ grandmother in the driver’s seat and the mother in the passenger seat, when originally the mother was in the driver’s seat.

“Supernatural event”

In 2015, the Great Barrington Historical Society recognized the “supernatural event” of 1969 as an official historical event. Even private contributors erected a plaque commemorating the incident, but it sparked some controversy in the community and was later removed.

The plaque read: “The official induction of our nation's first off-world/UFO incident”.

In total, about 40 people reported witnessing the strange lights in the sky over the Berkshires area that night, and some of them claimed to have had extremely unusual experiences.

Was it an invention, a fraud or a collective psychosis? Less than two months earlier, man had first set foot on the Moon with NASA’s Apollo XI mission, so space imagery was probably at a particularly high point.

But, however, the incident still remains unexplained to this day. And the only accounts of the experiences and the presence of flying objects are the ones told by the witnesses. There are no photographs, no images or videos, so for now they are only stories.

Roswell, or the great UFO legend

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 13 jul 2020 6:23 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 4 nov 2020 8:13 ]

On June 24, 1947, civilian pilot Kenneth Arnold saw anomalous aerial phenomena while flying on his airplane near Mount Rainier, in Washington State, in the United States of America. His strange tale made it to the newspapers and that gave rise to a series of similar reports in that country and in the rest of the world, thus initiating what has been dubbed the “contemporary UFO age”.
One of the sites in the New Mexico desert where an object would allegedly have crashed in early July, 1947.

Front page of The Roswell Daily Record from July 8, 1947, in which the article about the capture of a "flying saucer" in the Roswell region was published.

Major Jesse Marcel shows to the press the debris recovered at the Foster Ranch in July, 1947.
However, since the mid-1990s a case that took place the week after the Arnold sighting gained prominence and is currently considered the most famous in the history of ufology. We refer, of course, to the famous “Roswell incident”.
Something crashes in New Mexico

Between 2 and 4 July, 1947, during a stormy night something crashed in the vicinity of the JB Foster Ranch, located about 130 kilometers Northwest of the town of Roswell, in the State of New Mexico.

The next morning, William “Mac” Brazel, who was the foreman at the Foster Ranch, found the remains of something on the property grounds that he could not identify. There were scraps of metallic paper and little beams and sticks reminiscent of what we now know as plastic.

It took a few days for Brazel to load his truck with scraps of that material to take to town and showed what he had found to Roswell’s Sheriff George Wilcox.

The law enforcement officer was also unable to identify the material and notified the air base. From there they sent Major Jesse Marcel, who examined the remains and questioned Mac Brazel.

Intrigued, Marcel asked Brazel to take him to the place where he had collected the remains. So, Brazel led Major Marcel and Captain Sheridan Cavitt, who was an Intelligence officer, to the Foster Ranch.

As the military did not know what was the material that was still scattered on the ranch, they reported the situation to their superiors and this led to a “rake operation”, in which a contingent of uniformed men traveled to the site to pick up every last bit of the strange material.

Following the recovery of the wreckage, Roswell Air Base Chief Colonel William “Butch” Blanchard ordered Public Relations Officer Walter Haut to write a note informing that the 509th Bomb Squadron had recovered the wreckage of a “flying saucer” on a ranch near Roswell. 

Disclosure and denial

The 509th Bomb Squadron was the only one in the country carrying the atomic bomb and were aircraft from that squadron that dropped the atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, on 6 and 9 August 1945. Therefore, it was considered that the military personnel stationed at Roswell were highly specialized, and the press release issued by the air base certainly captured the attention domestically and beyond the borders of the United States when The Roswell Daily Record, the local newspaper, ran on the cover of its issue of Tuesday, July 8, 1947, that the Army Air Base in Roswell had a “flying saucer” in custody.

As the issue was reported by news agencies, the Roswell incident was one of the first UFO articles published in the Chilean press. However, the following day the same newspaper published the official denial. The recovered remains were taken to Fort Worth, Texas, where they were examined by General Roger Ramey. The verdict? They were only the remains of a weather balloon that had fallen to the ground. The story died there.

The world practically forgot about the Roswell incident until the late 1970s. 

Jesse Marcel reactivates the legend 

In 1978, Jesse Marcel, aged 70, was interviewed by ufologist Stanton Friedman. In the interview, Marcel said that the remains recovered at the Foster ranch were not the remains of a weather balloon, as had been said, but of an object from another planet and that the US military had covered up the case.

That was really the beginning of the “Roswell Case” as it is known today. In 1980, Charles Berlitz —the author of the international bestseller The Bermuda Triangle— published with William Moore a book entitled The Roswell Incident, in which he gave an account of the original event of 1947, the later statements of Jesse Marcel of the late 1970s and pointed to a possible cover-up.

Although that particular book did not have a considerable impact, it repositioned Roswell as a UFO story in the 1980s and paved the way for what was to come.

UFO Crash at Roswell, the first more in-depth book about the incident, was published in 1991 by Kevin Randle and Donald Schmitt after conducting a thorough investigation into the case. In the book, the authors included several accounts, including that of Jesse Marcel’s son, who claims to have seen the remains of what crashed into the Foster Ranch as a child, and of other witnesses allegedly involved with the recovery of the material and even of humanoid-looking corpses.

Along the same lines, Stanton Friedman published Crash at Corona in 1992, which was followed by the publication in 1994 of The Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell, the second book on the case by Randle and Schmitt, in which they provided even more accounts that hinted that in 1947 were recovered the remains of something really strange and that the authorities covered up the truth.

As if that was not enough, in 1995 a filmmaker named Ray Santilli shook the world by releasing a footage that, he claimed, showed the autopsy that had been performed on a humanoid entity whose body had been recovered near Roswell in July, 1947.

Although shortly afterwards it was confirmed that the alleged autopsy was actually a fraud, TV series like The X-Files were responsible for catapulting the Roswell incident as the UFO case par excellence and generated a series of discussions and controversies between those who believed that something truly exotic had fallen at the Foster Ranch and the authorities had covered it up, and those who defended the thesis that the remains belonged to a conventional object.
Official version

Faced with the controversy, the US Government took action on the matter and in 1995 published a document entitled The Roswell Report, in which it revealed that what crashed on the Foster ranch was actually a balloon belonging to the “Mogul Project”, which in 1947 was secret and that involved sending balloons at high altitude in the stratosphere with special sensors to capture eventual atomic tests by the Soviet Union.

In 1997, just a few days before the 50th anniversary of the mythical case, the United States Air Force published a second report entitled The Roswell Report: Case Closed, which went deeper to explain the case in conventional terms and added that the alleged humanoid entities reported were actually dummies that were dropped by the military from airplanes at high altitudes to perform various physical and equipment tests.

With that, the US authorities declared the Roswell controversy closed , although ufologists and UFO fans distrust the official version and believe that something else happened in the New Mexico desert in 1947.

Kenneth Arnold and the dawn of UFO research

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 2 jul 2020 6:22 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 3 nov 2020 10:25 ]

There are certain milestones that mark the times and initiate currents, movements, revolutions and even paradigms based more on beliefs than on objective and verifiable facts.
Kenneth Arnold in 1947, with his plane in the back.

Kenneth Arnold years after his famous sighting, showing an illustration of one of the nine objects that he allegedly saw while flying.
In ufology, that founding milestone occurred on Tuesday, June 24, 1947, when the sighting that started the “modern age” of unidentified flying objects (UFO) took place.

Kenneth Arnold was a 32-year-old businessman and airplane pilot who traveled to different parts of the Northwest United States as the owner of Great Western Fire Control Supply, a company that installed systems for the prevention and suppression of fires established in Boise, Idaho, in 1940.

Shortly after 2:00 p.m. on that fateful day, Arnold started a flight from Chehalis to Yakima, both in the Northwestern state of Washington, on a CallAir A-2 plane. He made a brief detour during the flight after learning that a $5,000 reward was being offered for the discovery of a US Marine C-46 transport plane that had crashed near Mount Rainier. The sky was completely clear and there was a slight wind.

Unknown objects

Minutes before 3:00 p.m., when he was flying at about 3,000 meters of altitude, Arnold gave up the search for the wrecked aircraft and began to move East towards Yakima.

At that moment he saw a brilliant flash of lightning, similar to the reflection of the Sun in a mirror. He thought it might be another aircraft, but when he scanned the sky, he only saw a DC-4 to his left and about 15 miles behind.

About 30 seconds after seeing the first flash, he observed a series of bright flashes in the distance to his left, North of Mount Rainier, which at the time was about 25 miles away.

Those reflections came from nine objects flying in a long chain. Kenneth Arnold thought they might be geese, but dismissed that explanation due to the altitude they were at, their bright reflection, and their high speed. So, he thought that it could be a new type of aircraft. He tried to find some tail on the objects, but he couldn’t.

The objects approached Mount Rainier and passed rapidly in front of it. At one point, they passed behind a minor peak on Mount Rainier, so they were out of Arnold’s sight for brief moments. Since he knew his own position and that of that minor peak on Mount Rainier, he calculated that the objects were about 23 miles away.

Fantastic speed

Arnold compared the nine objects with the DC-4 in the distance and estimated that they had an angular size slightly smaller than that of the aircraft. As the objects passed Mount Rainier, Arnold turned his plane South on a more or less parallel course. He opened a side window and began to observe the objects without a glass in the middle. The phenomenon continued its flight Southward, continually moving ahead of its own position.

Then Arnold began to measure their speed. He saw them move from Mount Rainier to Mount Adams, where he lost sight of them, in one minute and 42 seconds, according to the clock on his instrument panel. The distance between the two mountains was 80 kilometers. Doing the calculations later, he determined that the objects were moving at 2,700 kilometers per hour, three times more than any other manned aircraft in 1947.

As he did not know exactly how far where the objects when he lost sight of them, Arnold estimated their speed at about 1,900 kilometers per hour, even faster than any known aircraft of that time. This was still just under 4 months before Chuck Yeager to broke the sound barrier aboard the X-1.

“Flying saucers” are born

Kenneth Arnold landed in Yakima around 4:00 p.m. and reported his sighting to the general manager of the airport, his friend Al Baxter. Before long, all the airport personnel knew the story and Arnold discussed it with some officials. Apparently his friend Baxter didn’t believe him.

So, Arnold flew to an airshow in Pendleton, Oregon, but was unaware that someone in Yakima had phoned before his arrival and reported that Arnold had seen some kind of new aircraft.

The witness related his sighting to several friendly pilots, who suggested that perhaps he had seen guided missiles or something new.

Arnold was only interviewed by reporters the next day, June 25, when he visited the East Oregonian newspaper offices in Pendleton. His testimony surprised reporters as sober and credible, and journalist William “Bill” Bequette wrote an article released by Associated Press that described what Arnold saw as “saucers”. This is how the term “flying saucers” was coined.

From then on, media around the world began to publish reports of sightings of “flying saucers”. The contemporary UFO age was born.


However, there's still some controversy about the true shape of the objects reported by Arnold. Some scholars claimed that he originally described crescent-shaped objects and that in describing the way they moved, he said that they did so “like saucers jumping over water” and that the press had misinterpreted this description of movement and wrongly attributed that shape to the objects.

But other scholars assure that in the first reports this description of movement does not appear, but that it was added by Kenneth Arnold several years later, and that indeed the mention of “saucer” was made in reference to the shape of objects.

However, it is also true that Kenneth Arnold was the first proper ufologist. Near the date of his sighting there was another widely publicized incident on Maury Island. After becoming a celebrity, Ray Palmer, the editor of Amazing Stories magazine, recruited Arnold to personally investigate the Maury Island case and later published an article about it in the magazine. Thus, Kenneth Arnold became the first person to be paid for researching a UFO story.

“Flying saucers” arrive in Chile

The review of Chilean newspapers and magazines does not show any article about the Kenneth Arnold sighting in Spanish. The first mention of “flying saucers” in Chilean newspapers was during the second week of July, 1947, due to the now well-known “Roswell Case”.

On July 8 and 9, 1947, the Roswell Daily Record newspaper published notes reporting and later denying the crashing of a “flying disc” in the vicinity of Roswell, New Mexico, in the United States of America. What was originally thought to be a flying disc was later identified as a weather balloon and the story was almost forgotten for decades until it was “rescued” and resurrected by American ufologists in the late 1970s.

In Chile, newspapers such as El Mercurio published articles on the Roswell case due to information that was received by the news cables, and later the local media began to report sightings of “flying saucers” in different locations in Chile, in a similar way to what happened in other countries.

The Tehran UFO incident

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 17 jun 2020 6:15 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 3 nov 2020 10:17 ]

In the annals of ufology, there are cases that stand out for the strangeness of the incident, the proximity to the anomalous aerial phenomenon and the quality of the witnesses.
A F-4 Phantom II fighter like the one that Parviz Jarafi was piloting during the Tehran UFO incident in September, 1976.

Iranian Air Force General (R) Parviz Jafari shares his experience at the National Press Club in Washington D.C., in the United States of America, in November, 2007.
A case that meets these three characteristics is the one that occurred in Tehran, Iran, in the early morning of September 19, 1976. On that date, at 0:30 local time, the Imperial Iranian Air Force received four telephone calls from citizens who lived in the Shermiran area of the capital saying they had seen strange objects in the sky.

Some reported a bird-shaped object, while others reported a helicopter with a spotlight, but no helicopters were in the air at the time. The Iranian Air Force decided to send an F-4 Phantom II fighter to investigate the origin of the phenomenon and intercept the eventual intruder. 

Effects on the instruments

The Iranian fighter took off at 1:30 a.m., local time, and headed for a point about 75 kilometers north of Tehran. Due to its brightness, the unidentified object was easily visible from a distance of 130 kilometers.

When the F-4 got to 45 kilometers from the unidentified object, it suffered a loss of all instruments and communications, thus aborting the interception to return to base. When it turned its back on the unknown object and began to fly away, it regained the functions of its instruments and communications.

At about 1:40 a.m., local time, another F-4 took off to investigate the object. Upon reaching about 45 kilometers, the UFO drifted away and stayed at that same distance. Its size was difficult to determine due to its intense brightness. Its light was like strobes in a rectangular pattern that alternated in rapid succession between blue, green, red, and orange so rapidly that all four colors could be seen at the same time.

Weaponry failure

The object and the F-4 followed a trajectory South of Tehran when another luminous body, with an apparent size of half or a third of the Moon, emerged from the first object. That second object headed straight for the F-4 at high speed. The pilot, Parviz Jafari, attempted to fire an AIM-9 missile at the object, but at that point his weapons panel went off and he lost all communications. 

Faced with this situation, Jafari started a turn, with the second object very close behind, about 5 or 7 kilometers, but then it returned to the original body and merged with it. Shortly after, a third body emerged on the other side of the first phenomenon and descended at great speed.

The crew of the F-4, which had recovered the communications and the weapons control panel, saw that third object approach the ground, anticipating an explosion. However, the phenomenon seemed to rest gently on the ground and emitted a very bright light in an area of about 2 to 3 kilometers.

The F-4 descended and continued to observe the position of the third object. Soon after, the F-4 returned to base and landed, but during the approach to the runway it observed a fourth UFO, a cylindrical object with bright lights on each side and a flashing light in the middle. A jetliner approaching at the same time to Mehrabad International Airport suffered a communications failure, but didn’t report the observation of anything abnormal.
After sunrise, the F-4 crew were taken by helicopter to the area where the third object had apparently landed, but they did not notice anything out of the ordinary at the scene, which was a dry lake bed.

However, to the West of that place they found a small house with a garden, so they landed nearby and asked the tenants of the house if they had noticed anything unusual during the night. They reported hearing a very loud noise and seeing a very bright light, like lightning.

Account in 2007

On November 12, 2007, the Iranian Air Force General (R) Parviz Jafari shared his experience during a meeting at the National Press Club in Washington, United States, where military personnel from different countries gathered to share their experiences around anomalous aerial phenomena.

“One of the objects came towards me. I thought it was a missile. I tried to launch a heat-chasing missile at it, but my missile panel went off. Another followed me as I descended on my return (to the base)”, said Jafari at the time.

“During my debriefing session at headquarters after the incident, US Lieutenant (Colonel) Olin Mooy took notes, but when he finished I couldn’t find him to talk to him”, he added.

Today, investigators have had access to the report prepared by the US military on the incident in Tehran after obtaining it under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Physicist from the University at Albany publishes study on the Nimitz UFO case

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 17 jun 2020 6:08 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 3 nov 2020 10:10 ]

When studying events related to anomalous aerial phenomena, one of the complaints is that the scientific community is not interested in investigating these types of events. CEFAA had access to a study on the “Nimitz” case written by Kevin H. Knuth, Ph. D. in Physics and Associate Professor at the University at Albany, United States, along with two collaborators.
Image of the USS Nimitz carrier and Kevin Knuth, the University at Albany's physicist and main author of the study on the UFO sightings by the US Navy's fighters.

A F-18 Super Hornet fighter like the ones that encountered anomalous aerial objects offshore California, in the Pacific, in 2004.
We present here a compendium of a paper published on December 16, 2019, that works with assumptions based on real accounts provided by people who witnessed Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) in November, 2004, on the Pacific offshore San Diego.

The study is entitled “Estimating Flight Characteristics of Anomalous Unidentified Aerial Vehicles in the 2004 Nimitz Encounter” and it was presented at the 39th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering, which took place between June 30 and July 5 , 2019, in Garching, Germany.

The document was written by Kevin H. Knuth, Robert M. Powell and Peter A. Reali. All three are members of the Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies (SCU), a group of scientists,  former military, former agents and other professionals who believe that it is justified to investigate the phenomenon in a serious way.

The Nimitz case

According to the authors, over a two-week period in November, 2004, the U.S. Navy’s Carrier Strike Group Eleven (CSG-11), which includes the USS Nimitz nuclear aircraft carrier and the Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser USS Princeton, would have detected countless “unidentified aerial vehicles”, UAVs , which is another term they use to refer to Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP).

The main incident occurred on November 14, 2004, but several days earlier, USS Princeton’s radar operators were detecting UAP on radar at 80,000 feet or higher North of the Strike Group, in the vicinity of the islands of Santa Catalina and San Clemente, offshore the state of California.

According to USS Princeton’s former operations chief specialist Kevin Day, the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) radar systems detected the “UAVs” in low orbit around the Earth and then fell to 80,000 feet.

These phenomena would have arrived in groups of 10 to 20, then descended to 28,000 and flew South with speeds close to 100 knots.

Witnesses said that the UAVs periodically dropped from 28,000 feet to the sea level (around 50 feet), or under the surface of the sea, in just 0.78 seconds.

Mass, G-force and velocity

Counting with acceleration estimates, the authors used complex mathematical formulas to calculate the energy involved in the acceleration of the UAVs. That required an estimate of the mass of the targets, which the authors did not have.

So they calculated that one of the targets was about the size of an F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft, which weighs about 32,000 pounds.

As they were looking for a minimum power estimate, they took the acceleration of 5,370 g and assumed that the UAVs had a mass of 1,000 kilograms.

Then they estimated that the target would have reached a maximum speed of around 46,000 miles per hour during the descent, or 60 times the speed of sound, at a point where the required power reached 1,100 gigawatts, which —always according to the authors— exceeds total US nuclear power production by a factor of more than 10.

Comparatively, largest nuclear power plant in the United States, the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station in Arizona, provides about 3.3 GW of power for about four million people.

“Tic Tac”

On November 14, 2004, the Battle Group was preparing to conduct training exercises.

Two F/A-18F Super Hornets took off from the Nimitz for the air defense exercise to be conducted between 130 and 240 kilometers South-Southwest of San Diego.

Both aircraft, code named “FastEagle01” and “FastEagle02”, had a pilot and a weapons system operator (WSO) onboard. VFA-41 Squadron Commanding Officer David Fravor piloted “FastEagle0”1 and Lieutenant Commander Jim Slaight was “FastEagle02”'s weapons system operator.

About half an hour after takeoff, Kevin Day, who was operating the SPY-1 radar system on the USS Princeton, detected UAVs entering the exercise area. The exercise was delayed and “FastEagle0” and “FastEagle02” were directed to intercept to one UAV at a distance of 60 miles and an altitude of 20,000 feet.

As the F-18s approached the “merge plot”, which is the point at which the radar could not differentiate the positions of the F-18s and the UAV, Fravor and Slaight noticed a disturbed patch of water, where it appeared as if there was a large object, possibly a downed aircraft, submerged 10 to 15 feet below the surface. 

While observing the disturbance from 20,000 feet above sea level, all four pilots spotted a white UAV, shape like a large cylindrical butane tank, or a “Tic-Tac” candy, moving erratically back and forth, almost like a bouncing ping-pong ball making instantaneous changes in direction without changing speed.

According to the witnesses, the “Tic Tac” object was about the size of a F-18, about 40–50 feet in length and 10–15 feet wide, but had no apparent flight surfaces or means of propulsion, and its motion had no apparent effect on the sea surface, as would be expected from something like a helicopter rotor. 

Commander Fravor went down to investigate and the UFO came up to meet him. They circled around each other, but when Fravor maneuvered closer, the UAV drifted away and was lost in a second. 

Comparatively, Fravor noted that even a fighter flying at Mach 3 takes 10-15 seconds to disappear from sight. Lieutenant Commander Slaight said the UAV accelerated as if it had been “fired from a rifle” and was out of sight in a second. 

In total, the entire meeting lasted five minutes. When the “ Tic-Tac” UAV was lost, the pilots turned their attention to the large object in the water, but the disturbance was gone.

A mystery

After the encounter, the two planes returned to the USS Nimitz, without enough fuel to try to chase the “Tic-Tac” UFO. On their return, they received a call from the USS Princeton in which they were informed that the “Tic-Tac” was waiting precisely at the pre-established point where they had to be to start the aerial exercise. Operator Kevin Day noted that this was surprising, because those coordinates were predetermined and secret. It appeared as if the “Tic-Tac” UFO went intentionally to that location.

“In this paper, we have worked under the assumption that these UAPs were physical craft as described by the pilots. The fact that these UAPs exhibited astonishing flight characteristics leaves one searching for other possible explanations. One very clever explanation suggested by one of the reviewers was that these UAPs could have been generated by the intersection of two or more laser or maser beams ionizing the air, which could create a visual image, an infrared image, as well as a radar reflective region possibly explaining much of the observations”, wrote the authors.

“While such an explanation could explain the visual, infrared and radar observations, it would not be able to explain either the suborbital radar returns from the ballistic missile defense (BMD) radar systems on the Princeton before the UAPs dropped to 80, 000 ft, or the sonar returns when the TicTac UAPs went into the ocean”, they added.

Difficult to conclude 

Towards the end of the paper, the authors state that it is difficult to draw useful conclusions.

“The nature, origin, and purpose of these UAVs are unknown. It is also not known if they are
piloted, controlled remotely, or autonomous. If some of these UAVs are of extraterrestrial origin, then it would be important to assess the potential threat they pose. More interestingly, these UAVs have the potential to provide new insights into aerospace engineering and other technologies”, they wrote. 

“The potential of a serious threat as well as the promise of advancements in science and engineering, along with our evolving expectations about extraterrestrial life are important reasons for scientists to seriously study and understand these objects”, they argued.

CEFAA reproduces part of this study in order to publicize academic research on anomalous aerial phenomena, in this case carried out in the United States, without implying a position that endorses what was pusblished in the document.

UMMO: the great UFO fraud forged in Spain

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 4 may 2020 8:23 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 3 nov 2020 9:57 ]

Since the dawn of the “contemporary era” of ufology (since June, 1947) characters have become known in different parts of the world who claim to be in contact with alleged extraterrestrial beings from the most varied origins, from planets and natural satellites from the Solar System, like Venus, Mars, and Ganymede, to distant stars and constellations, like Orion and the Pleiades.

Fernando Sesma, an alleged alien contactee and one of the first persons who received letters fron the alleged ummites.

Some of the publications, photographs and drawings from the alleged ummite UFO sighting in San José de Valderas.

José Luis Jordán Peña, the confessed author of the UMMO fraud.

In the 1950s, and in parallel with the advancement of the space race, characters such as George Adamski, Orfeo Angelucci, Truman Bethurum, Eugenio Siragusa and Daniel Fry, to name just a few, became well known after claiming to be in regular contact with angelic beings from other worlds who came to Earth to deliver a message of peace and love and to prevent us from destroying ourselves with the misuse of nuclear energy and ecological damage.

In Latin America, the case of Sixto Paz Wells is well known, a Peruvian who, since the mid-seventies, claims to be in contact with beings from Ganymede, one of the moons of the planet Jupiter, and from distant planets. Paz even claims to have been to Ganymede on a couple of occasions and has been invited several times to television shows where he speaks about the utopian civilizations of his cosmic friends without providing any evidence.

But one of the most famous cases of alleged contact with extraterrestrial civilizations in the Hispanic world, and which also transcended borders, is the so-called “UMMO” affair, which was born in Franco’s Spain in the mid-twentieth century.

The Happy Whale

A Post Office official named Fernando Sesma Manzano claimed to maintain contact with beings from other worlds and since 1954 he led a group in Madrid called “Society of Friends of the Space Visitors BURU”.

The group held weekly meetings to discuss “flying saucers” and other topics related to parapsychology in the basement of Café Lion, in a place called La Ballena Alegre (The Happy Whale), a few meters from Plaza de Cibeles in Madrid. Fans of the paranormal, playwrights and members of Franco’s secret police met there.

In 1966 and after receiving a phone call from an alleged extraterrestrial, Sesma began receiving typewritten letters from humanoid entities claiming to come from the star Wolf 424, from a planet called “UMMO”. The letters dealt with different aspects of science and the arts. Fernando Sesma read some of the letters in the gatherings at La Ballena Alegre and many of the attendees did not question the authenticity of the contact, since they believed that the content of the letters encompassed more advanced concepts than those known at the time.

The supposed ummites claimed to have arrived on Earth on March 28, 1950, in a “lenticular ship” that would have landed in the French region of the Low Alps, about 8 kilometers from the town of La Javie. Some of the expedition members would have stayed to study our planet, after which they would have begun to contact some people, such as Sesma, through letters they sent from different parts of the world, from places as close as Madrid and as far away as Australia. 

Aluche and San José de Valderas

Two of the milestones in the history of UMMO occurred in 1966 and 1967, when the alleged ummites produced some proof of their existence.

On February 6, 1966, a UFO would have landed in the town of Aluche, in the outskirts of Madrid, and left footprints on the ground. The witnesses were a man named José Luis Jordán Peña and Vicente Ortuño. The evening paper Informaciones covered the event and thus became known to the public.

Although the news took almost everyone by surprise, Fernando Sesma said that he had been told about it four days in advance. And that was not all. In one of the letters they told him that a few months later one of his ships would be seen in San José de Valderas, also in the Madrid area.

On June 1, 1967, the news of the alleged appearance of a circular ship was spread. The ship had in its “belly” the same symbol with which the alleged ummites signed their letters: two facing parentheses, joined by a horizontal strip crossed by another vertical one.

Hours later, Informaciones’ journalist Antonio San Antonio received a phone call in the newsroom. A man who didn’t want to identify himself said that he had seen the UFO and photographed it. If he was interested, he would leave the photographs deposited under his name in a store in the Carabanchel area. The journalist collected the envelope with the negatives and published the photographs with the story in the evening.

Credulity and suspicions

Those two “founding milestones” of the UMMO affair were met with enormous credulity and enthusiasm by some scholars and ufologists. One of them was Antonio Ribera, the “father” of ufology in Spain, who also began to receive some letters from the alleged ummites and ended up writing several books on the subject. One of the most celebrated is Un caso perfecto (1969), co-authored by Rafael Farriols.

But some ufologists, such as Óscar Rey Brea from Galicia, already doubted the authenticity of the photographs of San José de Valderas and in the seventies the ufologists of the Spanish skeptical wing already suspected that the whole matter had been concocted by José Luis Jordán Peña and some accomplices.

Jordán Peña is a character who began to take precedence on the issue of UMMO in subsequent years and also began to appear in various television programs and magazine articles about ufology and parapsychology in Spain. He was the vice president of the Spanish Parapsychology Society and had been one of the alleged witnesses to Aluche’s UFO.

At the end of the 1990s, a “brood” of young researchers began to operate in Spain who had grown up reading the story of UMMO in books such as Un caso perfecto and who decided to investigate the matter in depth.

In 1997, one of those journalists, Manuel Carballal, recreated the photographs of San José de Valderas with a fishing pole and a model.

Deceit discovered

But Carballal didn't stop at that and interviewed the controversial Jordán Peña. “I am the author of UMMO. It is an experiment that I did to study the credulity of man, but it got out of hand”, Jordán Peña admitted to Carballal.

“It was my fault. I’m sorry. My intention was to make believe that there was a group of aliens that had reached France and from there they spread to Spain, South America, and so on. But it must be said that it did not refer to any sect. The believers were free to believe or not. What happens is that, over time, some people became obsessed with UMMO and have turned it into a cult. A thing that was not dangerous was made dangerous”, he added.

According to Jordán Peña, to maintain the charade for decades he received financial aid and infrastructure from foreign intelligence agencies, although he never provided many details about it and what he said was vague and contradictory.

Because of this, many UFO fans refused to believe Jordán Peña’s confession and for them the UMMO affair continues to this day and they refuse to believe that it was the work of a single man. 

José Luis Jordán Peña died in Madrid on September 9, 2014, and, according to the author Eduardo Bravo, ummite communications did not cease after his death and letters and messages that now also use social networks continue to be received today.

Sources:, El País newspaper.

New Zealand case 1978

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 29 jul 2015 13:14 por Plataforma Sites Dgac   [ actualizado el 2 nov 2020 6:11 ]

Date: September 1978.
Time: 0130 Local Time.
Location: Just North of Samoa on the Auckland-Honolulu route.
Plane: DC 10-30.
Witness: Co-Pilot George Richardson and Pilot. 

Captain Richardson is a retired New Zealand airline pilot who has flown DC 10-30 and Boeing 747-200 aircraft. He is licensed as a transportation pilot and recreational pilot. He has a total of approximately 18,000 flight hours. He was in commercial aviation from 1961 to 1991 and was an Air Traffic Controller from 1961 to 1965. 

Details: The duration of the first sighting was more or less 10 seconds and it was a positive sighting of a vehicle. (Unidentified air vehicle). Air conditions were stable with some flat clouds. The stars were visible but there was no Moon. 

The DC 10 was at cruising flight level at about 33,000 feet, just north of Samoa. Captain Richardson (then co-pilot) describes that night as very black, very dark. The plane was flying over strata of clouds and he was peering out of the cockpit window when he spotted a very bright white light approaching rapidly above the clouds and exclaimed, "Traffic to our left." 

The light was moving from west to east from 270 to 090 magnetic degrees. The light (vehicle) crossed the path of the DC-10 from left to right. They were traveling north, approximately 010 Magnetic, and the vehicle was heading east at the same level. The vehicle crossed his path very close - about 150 feet away. For a couple of seconds both pilots thought they were going to collide with the object. 

The two pilots observed a very large cylindrical object, about 150 feet long, with large oval windows about 3 feet wide, emitting a very strong white light. The object did not show sections such as wings, tail or rudder and was clearly a solid metal structure. They estimated it was traveling at over 500 knots (575 mph, or 926 kph) and disappeared behind them on the starboard side. 

The pilots were able to observe the cylindrical object for approximately 3 to 4 seconds. It had roughly the same structure and shape as the fuselage of a DC-10, without the tail or wings. The front had a rounded tip while a third of its rear narrowed abruptly. Captain Richardson commented that the vehicle did not produce any turbulence.

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